A while back I was at the Gurdwara in the evening and they were doing the Sukhasan. When we started singing the shabad “Jithe jahai bahai mera satguru” I realized that actually still didn’t know what we are singing even though I have seen the Sukhasan hundreds of times, so I decided to learn more about the Parkash and Sukhasan of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji. The following is paraphrased from sikhiwiki.org, and I attached links to videos from youtube of both the Parkash and Sukhasan, explaining in detail how this sewa is performed.
Parkash (meaning light/awakening) is when we bring the Guru Granth Sahib Ji from the place of rest to the Darbar Hall at dawn. I just learned that the Guru Granth Sahib Ji’s room of rest is called the Sachkhand (realm of Truth). First, the Granthi matha teks, and Ardas is done. A cotton cloth (or towel) is placed on the head of the Granthi and Guru Granth Sahib JI is placed on the person’s head and carried to the Palki Sahib. Guru Ji is placed on the head to symbolize that Guru JI is above human ego. Shabads or simran are recited and everyone stands up, then when Guru Ji is taken to the palki sahib everyone matha teks and sits down. Guru Ji is placed in the center of the manji sahib and the ramallas are unwrapped. The ramallas open in a diamond shape, and a small ramalla is placed on Guru Ji. Then once again the cloth is placed on the Granthi’s head to lift up the Guru Granth Sahib Ji so that the diamond shaped ramalla can be re-folded into a rectangle. Three pillows are placed down and covered with a cotton ramalla. Guru Ji is placed down and raised vertically, then opened. We say Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh. The side ramallas are placed inside the front and back covers and draped over the sides of the palki sahib, and Guru Ji is covered with 2 more ramallas. The Hukamnama is read and the Guru Ji is covered with ramallas again.
Videos of how this sewa is performed (part 1 and 2):
Sukhasan means to attain a position (asan) of comfort (sukh), and is the name for when we retire the Guru Granth Sahib Ji at the end of the day or program. First, the Granthi takes a Hukamnama, then recites kirtan sohila, while removing the side ramallas. The Guru Granth Sahib is placed in the center of the manji sahib and covered with ramallas. The Granthi covers their head with a cloth and places the Guru Granth Sahib on their head. The rectangular ramalla is refolded into a diamond, and the Guru Granth Sahib Ji is wrapped. The side and large ramallas are placed overtop so Ardas can be done. The Granthi places the Guru Granth Sahib on their head, and walks to the Sachkhand while the sangat stands and then matha teks.
During this time we sing the shabad: Jithe Jai Behai Mera Satguru so than suhava raam raje, Gursikhi so thaan bhallia lai dhoor mukh lava. Gur sikhaa ke ghaal thaee paee jin har naam thiava. Jin Nanak satgur poojiya tin har pooj karavaa. Here is the translation: Wherever my True Guru goes and sits, that place is beautiful, O Lord King. The Guru’s Sikhs seek out that place; they take the dust and apply it to their faces. The works of the Guru’s Sikhs, who meditate on the Lord’s Name, are approved. Those who worship the True Guru, O Nanak- the Lord causes them to be worshipped in turn.
We then say Bole So Nihal, Sat Sri Akal, Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh. Here are the videos of how this sewa is performed: